Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, known as Le Corbusier, was born in 1887 in La-Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland, in October of 1987.
He studied classical architecture during several voyages. He discovered the solid bases of classical architecture, but was also curious to explore other cultures. Throughout his career, he continually mixed heritage and modernity. His career spanned five decades, and he designed buildings in Europe, Japan, India, and North and South America.
Despite his controversial reputations, he is considered a pioneer of modern architecture. Not all of his designs have been made, though successfully, without criticism; their indifference to culturally signification locations, his ties with fascism, and connection to a notable dictator.
Dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities, Le Corbusier was influential in urban planning, and was a founding member of the Congrès International d'Architecture Moderne (CIAM). Le Corbusier prepared the master plan for the city of Chandigarh in India, and contributed specific designs for several buildings there, especially the government buildings.
Le Corbusier lacked formal training as an architect. He was attracted to the visual arts; at the age of fifteen, he entered the municipal art school in La-Chaux-de-Fonds which taught the applied arts connected with watchmaking. His father was an artisan who enamelled boxes and watches. Three years later he attended the higher course of decoration, founded by the painter Charles L'Eplattenier, who had studied in Budapest and Paris. Le Corbusier wrote later that L'Eplattenier had made him "a man of the woods" and taught him about painting from nature. His architecture teacher in the Art School was architect René Chapallaz, who had a large influence on Le Corbusier's earliest house designs.
Whose designs combine the functionalism of the modern movement with a bold sculptural expressionism. He was the first architect to make a studied use of rough-cast concrete, a technique that satisfied his taste for asceticism and for sculptural forms.
From 1907 to 1911, on his advice, Le Corbusier undertook a series of trips that played a decisive role in the education of this self-taught architect. During these years of travel through central Europe and the Mediterranean, he made three major architectural discoveries. The Charterhouse of Ema at Galluzzo, in Tuscany, provided a contrast between vast collective spaces and “individual living cells” that formed the basis for his conception of residential buildings. Through the 16th-century Late Renaissance architecture of Andrea Palladio in the Veneto region of Italy and the ancient sites of Greece, he discovered classical proportion. Finally, popular architecture in the Mediterranean and on the Balkan Peninsula gave him a repertory of geometric forms and also taught him the handling of light and the use of landscape as an architectural background.
He used multiple creative media outlets to display his ideas including paintings, sculptures, drawings and collages, enamels, tapestries as well as engravings.
Le Corbusier developed – as a masterpiece – an eternally valid theory of colour: the Architectural Polychromy. Le Corbusier's Architectural Polychromy is a masterpiece. It consists of 63 fascinating colours, divided into 9 colour groups. The shades themselves were created by Le Corbusier in two colour collections in 1931 and 1959. The shades form a masterly and coherent colour system. In addition, they are colours of nature and harmonious. What makes the Architectural Polychromy unique is that all colours can be freely and impressively combined with one another. The 63 colours of the Architectural Polychromy are chosen so that the desired colour effects can be made simply, excluding automatically negative effects from the outset. Le Corbusier's Architectural Polychromy is the ideal tool for masterful architectural colour design. Le Corbusier took advantage of the opportunity offered by Salubra (a former wallpaper company) to publish the polychromy as a wallpaper collection.
The Modulor is a measurement or proportioning system developed by Le Corbusier to put mankind back into the center of architecture and design. It is a recurrent proud human silhouette, which takes its place in the art and buildings conceived by Le Corbusier. Based on the golden ratio and the human proportions, it is an attempt of architecture, in the tradition of Vitruvius, to take a human dimension as a mathematical order. The "The Modulor", published by Le Corbusier in 1949, is one of the most important writings in architectural history and theory. The Modulor is used, for example, in the Unité d'habitation in Marseille and in the Convent La Tourette. Both of these architectural works by Le Corbusier are built according to modulor dimensions.
The architectural work of Le Corbusier includes designs and buildings from the early 1920s to the mid-1960s.
For years, together with Pierre Jeanneret and Charlotte Perriand, a wonderful selection of designer furniture has evolved that is now considered a hallmark of elegance. The designs include around 340 unique works from design classics to minimalist furniture and furnishings from the post-1930s.